Bicycle Drawing Test

Title: Bicycle Drawing Test
Author: Various
Year: 1955 & 1994

The Bicycle Drawing Test requires patients to draw a picture of a bicycle in freehand using a pencil. It can be a useful measure of visual-spatial and visual-motor impairments, and also has been used in the assessment of hemi-neglect syndromes. Typically, the patient is asked to draw a copy of a simple line drawn picture of a bicycle. Many clinicians first ask the patient to draw a bicycle in freehand from their own memory, to assess their constructional ability in the absence of a model.

The Bicycle Drawing Test is widely associated with Piaget’s (Piaget, 1955) investigations of cognitive development, though similar tests seem to have been employed earlier (Poppelreuter, 1990; Veiders, 1934). Neuropsychological investigations of focal unilateral lesions (Hecaen & Assal, 1970) have demonstrated differences in performance between patients with left- and right-sided posterior brain lesions.

Formal scoring systems exist for the Bicycle Drawing test (Greenberg et al., 1994) providing a means for deriving quantitative results when using this test.  Most clinicians currently use the Bicycle Drawing test in conjunction with other constructional tests, including coping or freehand drawing tasks (e.g., cube, house), and examine results qualitatively for gross spatial distortion, or omissions. Other tests, such as copying of the Rey Complex Figure are now more widely used for visual–motor assessment.

Yet, the bicycle drawing test is an easy-to-administer task that can yield valuable information about the visual-spatial and constructional abilities of patients. It should not be used as a stand-alone test, but should rather be used in conjunction with other tests of visual constructional functioning.

Age Range: Both Children and Adults
Administration: Individual
  • 2 copies of Test description
  • 2 copies of “Revised scoring” article
  • 25 + copies of Scoring system
Publisher: Unknown
Qualification Level: Level A or 3
Test Category: Projective
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