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Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment


Armsden, G.C. & Greenberg, M.T.




The Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA) was developed to assess adolescents' perceptions of the positive and negative affective/cognitive dimension of relationships with their parents and close friends, specifically, how well these figures serve as sources of psychological security. Three broad dimensions are assessed: degree of mutual trust; quality of communication; and extent of anger and alienation. Subjects were originally age 16 to 20, but the instrument has been used with adolescents as young as 12. It is a self-report questionnaire with a five-point Likert-scale response format. The revised version has 25 items in each of the mother, father and peer sections, yielding three attachment scores. Reliability and validity are discussed.

Age Range: 

Both Children and Adults




  • 2 copies of test package from author
  • 2 copies each of 3 articles


1) Armsden, Gay C. and Mark T. Greenberg, The Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment: Individual Differences and Their Relationship to Psychological Well-Being in Adolescence, JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE, V16, N5, 1987, p 427-54.

2) Greenberg, Mark T., Siegel, J. M. & Leitch, C. J. The Nature and Importance of Attachment Relationships to Parents and Peers During Adolescence, JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE, V12 n5, 1983, pp 373-86.

3) Barnes, Andrew., Bhattacharya, Chandrima,. Cummings, Janet., Hanoch, Yaniv., Liu, Pi-Ju., Wood, Stacey. Numeracy and Medicare Part D: The Importance of Choice and Literacy for Numbers in Optimizing Decision Making for Medicare's Prescription Drug Prgram. Psychology and Aging, V26, N2, 2011, pp 295-307.




Qualification Level: 

Level A or 3

Test Category: 

Personality - Non-projective